Energy Grades and Historic Economic Growth

Douglas B. Reynolds

  1. Cameron, Rondo. A Concise Economic History of the World. Cambridge University Press, 1989, p. 187.

  2. Ibid. p. 9.

  3. The term BTU stands for British Thermal Unit, which is the energy required to heat one gallon of water by one degree fahrenheit.

  4. Barnes, Harry Elmer. An Economic History of the Western World. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1942, p. 445.

  5. DeVries, John. The Economy of Europe in an Age of Crisis: 1600 - 1750. Cambridge University Press, 1976, pp. 166,167.

  6. Cipolla, Carlo M.. Before The Industrial Revolution: European Society and Economy, 1000 - 1700. W.W. Norton and Company Inc., N.Y., 1976, pp. 266, 268.

  7. Ashton, Thomas Southeliffe. Iron and Steel in The industrial Revolution Manchester University Press, 1924, p. 96.

  8. Ibid. p. 187.

  9. Ibid. p. 96.

  10. Ibid. p. 6-7.

  11. Raistrick, A.. Dynasty of Ironfounders London 1933 p.148, in Alan Birch The Economic History of The British Iron and Steel Industry. Franck Cass and Company Limited, London, 1967, p. 59.

  12. Starr, Gary. The Shocking Truth About Electric Cars. Earth Options, Santa Barbara, California, January 1991.

  13. Othmer, Donald F.. "Methanol is the Best Way to Bring Alaska Gas to Market". Oil and Gas Journal. November 1, 1982 p. 84.

  14. International Energy Agency. Natural Gas: Prospects to 2000. Paris 1982.