Hubbert Bibliography Compilation Project

An extensive bibliography of M. King Hubbert's work [pdf] has been compiled by Chris Kuykendall. Some highlights follow below, including a number of important documents archived on this website.
Donnel Foster Hewett. "Cycles in Metal Production. Technical Publication No. 183. New York: American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, 1929.
M. King Hubbert. "Future Ore Supply and Geophysical Prospecting." Engineering and Mining Journal 135 (January 1934), pp. 18-21.Read
Howard Scott and M. King Hubbert. "America Prepares for a Turn in the Road." Technocracy, Inc., addresses to the University of Pennsylvania Club, New York, New York, March 16, 1935. Available at Brown University, Rockefeller Library, HB87 .S28.
M. King Hubbert. "Theory of Scale Models as Applied to the Study of Geological Structures." Geological Society of America Bulletin 48 (? 1937), pp. 1459-1520.
M. King Hubbert. "The Status of Geophysics in a Department of Geology." Presentation to the New York meeting of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, February 14-18, 1938. Available at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Central Library, Silver Spring, Maryland, 551 H87. Expanded as "The Place of Geophysics in a Department of Geology." American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers Technical Publication 945.
M. King Hubbert. "Man-Hours and Distribution" New York: Technocracy, Inc., 1940.
M. King Hubbert. Board of Economic Warfare, Letters and Hearing regarding Hubbert's involvement with Technocracy, January 10, 1943 through August 23, 1943.Read
M. King Hubbert. "The Theory of Ground-Water Motion." Journal of Geology 48 (? 1940), pp. 785-944.
M. King Hubbert. "Energy from Fossil Fuels." Presented at the Symposium of Energy, Centennial Celebration of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C, September 15, 1948. Published under same title in Science 109 (February 4, 1949), pp. 103-109. Read
M. King Hubbert, et al. "Our Energy Resources." Physics Today 2 (April 1949), pp. 19-22.
Leonard M. Fanning. "A Case History of Oil-Shortage Scares." Chapter 10, in Our Oil Resources, pp. 306-406. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1950.
M. King Hubbert. "Entrapment of Petroleum Under Hydrodynamic Conditions." AAPG Bulletin 37 (? 1953), pp. 1954-2026.
William H. Strang. Letter to M. King Hubbert inviting an address, March 8, 1956, at the annual meeting of the Southern Division of Production, American Petroleum Institute. December 1, 1955.Read
Wallace E. Pratt. "The Impact of the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy on the Petroleum Industry." In U.S. Department of the Interior, Report of the Panel on the Impact of the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Volume 2, pp. 89-105. Washington: U.S. Department of the Interior, 1956.
Joseph E. Pogue and Kenneth E. Hill. "Future Growth and Financial Requirements of the World Petroleum Industry." Presented at the annual meeting of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Petroleum Branch, New York, New York, February 21, 1956.
M. King Hubbert. "Nuclear Energy and the Fossil Fuels" Presented before the Spring Meeting of the Southern District Division of Production, American Petroleum Institute, San Antonio, Texas, March 8, 1956. Publication No. 95. Houston: Shell Development Company, Exploration and Production Research Division, 1956.Read
Anon. "Is Oil Nearing a Production Crisis?" Petroleum Week 2 (March 16, 1956), pp. 9-10.Read
Warren Davis. "A Study of the Future Productive Capacity and Probable Reserves of the U.S." Oil & Gas Journal 56 (February 24, 1958), pp. 105-119.
M. King Hubbert. "The Mineral Resources of Texas." Presented to the Conference on Texas, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, April 11-12, 1958. Publication 167. Houston: Shell Development Company, Exploration and Production Research Division, 1958.
M. King Hubbert. "Techniques of Prediction with Application to the Petroleum Industry." Presented at the 44th annual meeting, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Dallas, Texas, March 17, 1959. Publication 204. Houston: Shell Development Company, Exploration and Production Research Division, 1959. Copied from Box 137, M. King Hubbert Collection, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.Read
A.D. Zapp. "Future Petroleum Producing Capacity of the United States." Bulletin 1142-H. Washington: U.S. Geological Survey, 1962.
M. King Hubbert. "Energy Resources. A Report to the Committee on Natural Resources of the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. Publication 1000-D. Washington: National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, 1962.Read
H.K. Hudson. "Is the 'Song of Plenty" a Siren Song?" Oil & Gas Journal 61 (June 17, 1963), pp. 131-136.Read
Anon. "U.S. Reserves Put at 600 Billion Bbl." Oil & Gas Journal 61 (September 2, 1963), pp. 78-79.Read
M. King Hubbert. File memo, Shell Development Company, Houston, summarizing telephone call from John S. Coleman, September 26, 1963, relating to the September 2, 1963, article (immediately above) in Oil & Gas Journal. From the M. King Hubbert Collection, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.Read
Thomas B. Nolan. "USGS Estimates Not Official." Oil & Gas Journal 61 (October 28, 1963), pp. 31-33.
John M. Ryan. "National Academy of Sciences Report on Energy Resources: Discussion." AAPG Bulletin 49 (October 1965), pp. 1713-1720.
M. King Hubbert. "National Academy of Sciences Report on Energy Resources: Reply." AAPG Bulletin 49 (October 1965), pp. 1720-1727.
M. King Hubbert. "History of Petroleum Geology and Its Bearing Upon Present and Future Exploration." Presented to the 15th annual convention of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, Houston, Texas, October 28, 1965. Washington: U.S. Geological Survey, 1965. Published under same title in AAPG Bulletin 50 (December 1966), pp. 2504-2518.
John M. Ryan. "Limitations of Statistical Methods for Predicting Petroleum and Natural Gas Reserves and Availability." Journal of Petroleum Technology 18 (March 1966), pp. 281-284.
M. King Hubbert. "M. King Hubbert's Reply to J.M. Ryan." Journal of Petroleum Technology 18 (March 1966), pp. 284-286.
C.L. Moore. "C.L. Moore's Reply to J.M. Ryan." Journal of Petroleum Technology 18 (March 1966), pp. 286-287.
Anibal R. Martinez. "Estimation of Petroleum Resources." AAPG Bulletin 50 (September 1966), pp. 2001-2008.
M. King Hubbert. "Degree of Advancement of Petroleum Exploration in United States." AAPG Bulletin 51 (November 1967), pp. 2207-2227.
M. King Hubbert. "Energy Resources." In National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Committee on Resources and Man, Resources and Man: A Study and Recommendations, pp. 157-242. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1969.Read
M. King Hubbert. "Energy Resources for Power Production." In International Atomic Energy Agency, Environmental Aspects of Nuclear Power Stations, pp. 13-43. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, 1971.
H.R. Warman. "Future Problems in Petroleum Exploration." Petroleum Review 25:291 (? 1971), pp. 96-101.
J.J. Arps, et al. "Relationships Between Proved Reserves and Exploratory Effort." Journal of Petroleum Geology 23 (June 1971), pp. 671-675.
M. King Hubbert. "The Energy Resources of the Earth." Scientific American 225 (September 1971), pp. 60-70.Read
M. King Hubbert. "Man's Conquest of Energy: Its Ecological and Human Consequences." In A. Burt Kline, ed., The Environmental and Ecological Forum, 1970-1971, pp. 1-50. Oak Ridge: U.S. Atomic Energy Commissin, Office of Information Services, 1972. Also published as TID 25857. Springfield, Virginia: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, 1972?.
M. King Hubbert. "Estimation of Oil and Gas Resources." In U.S. Geological Survey, Workshop on Techniques of Mineral Resource Appraisal, pp. 16-50. Denver: U.S. Geological Survey, 1972.
Roger F. Naill. "Managing the Discovery Life Cycle of a Finite Resource: A Case Study of U.S. Natural Gas." Master's thesis, Alfred P. Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1972.
H.R. Warman. "The Future of Oil." Geographical Journal 138 (September 1972), pp. 287-297.
Roger F. Naill. "The Discovery Life Cycle of a Finite Resource: A Case Study of U.S. Natural Gas." In Donella H. Meadows and Dennis L. Meadows, eds., Toward Global Equilibrium: Collected Papers, pp. 213-256. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Wright-Allen Press, 1973.
M. King Hubbert. "Survey of World Energy Resources." Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin 66 (July 1973), pp. 37-53.
M. King Hubbert. "U.S. Energy Resources: A Review as of 1972." Background paper prepared for the U.S. Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, 93rd Congress, 2nd Session, Serial 93-40 (92-75). Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974.
Earl Cook. "Undiscovered Undeveloped Crude Oil 'Resources' and National Energy Strategies." Presented at a research conference of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, April 21-23, 1974. Published in John D. Haun, ed., Methods of Estimating the Volume of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Reserves, Studies in Geology No. 1, pp. 97-106. Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1975.
M. King Hubbert. "M. King Hubbert on the Nature of Growth." In National Energy Conservation Policy Act of 1974, hearings before the Subcommittee on the Environment, U.S. House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Subcommittee on the Environment, 93rd Congress, 2nd Session, June 6, 1974, pp. 51-78. Serial No. 93-55. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974.Read
Noel Grove. "Oil, the Dwindling Treasure" National Geographic, June, 1974Read
Robert Gillette. "Oil and Gas Resources: Did USGS Gush Too High?" Science 185 (July 12, 1974), pp. 127-130.
M. King Hubbert. "Ratio Between Recoverable Oil Per Unit Volume of Sediments for Future Exploratory Drilling to That of the Past for the Coterminous United States." In National Research Council, et al., Mineral Resources and the Environment, Appendix to Section II: Report of Panel on Estimation of Mineral Reserves and Resources, pp. 1-9. Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1975.
Robert Gillette. "Academy Calls USGS Math Misleading." Science 187 (February 28, 1975), pp. 723-___.
Anon. "A Scramble for Oil That May Not Be There." Business Week (March 10, 1975), pp. 76-77.
M. King Hubbert. "Hubbert Estimates from 1956 to 1974 of U.S. Oil and Gas." First IIASA Conference on Energy Resources, Laxenburg, Austria, May 20-21, 1975. Published in Michel Grenon, ed., Methods and Models for Assessing Energy Resources, pp. 370-383. New York: Pergamon Press, 1979.Read
Arthur J. Magida. "Energy Report/USGS Plays a 'Numbers Game' on Remaining Oil, Gas Resources." National Journal 7 (September 27, 1975), pp. 1349-1356.
M. King Hubbert. "Exponential Growth as a Transient Phenomenon in Human History." Presented before a World Wildlife Fund conference, San Francisco, California, 1976. Reprinted in Margaret A. Strom, ed., Societal Issues, Scientific Viewpoints, pp. 75-84. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1987. Reprinted also in Herman E. Daly and Kenneth N. Townsend, eds., Valuing the Earth: Economics, Ecology, Ethics, pp. 113-126. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1993.Read
American Hospital Association. "Health Facilities and the Energy Crisis: A Conversation with M. King Hubbert." Videocassette. Chicago: American Hospital Association, 1976. Available at Southwest Minnesota State University library, Media VT98. Available also at National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, General Collection, WX 165 VC no. 6 1976.
M. King Hubbert. "Energy Resources: A Scientific and Cultural Dilemma." Bulletin of the Association of Engineering Geologists 13 (Spring 1976), pp. 81-124.
Wolf von Engelhardt, et al. "Earth Resources, Time, and Man--A Geoscience Perspective." Environmental Geology 1 (No. 4, 1976), pp. 193-206.
DeVerle Harris. "Conventional Crude Oil Resources of the United States: Recent Estimates, Methods for Estimation, and Policy Considertations." Materials and Society 1 (January 1977), pp. 263-286.
M. King Hubbert. "Role of Geology in Transition to a Mature Industrial Society." Geologische Rundschau 66 (No. 3, 1977), pp. 654-678.Read
Joanne Omang. "Oil Prophet Cited: Geologist Saw Crisis in 1948." Washington Post, November 15, 1977.
M. King Hubbert. "Vanishing Energy Resources." Videocassette, presentation at Charles County Community College, LaPlata, Maryland, 1978. Available at State University of New York Institute of Technology at Delhi, Resnick Library, VIDEO TJ163.2 V3.
Carter Henderson. "The Inevitability of Petroleum Rationing in the United States." Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton Center for Alternative Futures, 1979.
M. King Hubbert. "Measurement of Energy Resources." Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control 101 (March 1979), pp. 16-30.
M. King Hubbert, with J.L. Tuck. "The Prospects for Energy." Audiocassette. Washington: American Chemical Society, 1980? Available at Texas State University-San Marcos, Alkek Library, TK9204 .Y83, among other locations. This may be an audio version of the paper presentation listed immediately below, or it may be instead from an earlier meeting of the American Chemical Society sometime in the 1970s. This may be a taped version of the presentation referenced three rows down.
Earl Cook. "Charting Our Energy Future: Progress or Prudence?" The Futurist 14 (April 1980), pp. 64-69.
Louis E. Kahn, et al. "Designs for the 21st Century." Four audiocassettes (including a presentation by M. King Hubbert), from a conference co-sponsored by the City of Davis, the Davis Audubon Society, and the Mode Lode Chapter of the Sierra Club, University of California Davis, February 22-23, 1980. Available at University of California Davis, Shields Library Reserves, CAS61.
Richard Nehring. "World Petroleum Availability 1980-2000" (reviewed by M. King Hubbert), 1980. Read
M. King Hubbert. "The World's Evolving Energy System." Presented to the Philadelphia Section, American Chemical Society, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1980. Published in American Journal of Physics 49 (November 1981), pp. 1007-1029. Republished in Richard L. Perrine and W.G. Ernst, eds., Energy for Ourselves and Our Posterity, pp. 44-100. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1985.
M. King Hubbert. "Techniques of Prediction as Applied to the Production of Oil and Gas." Presented to a symposium of the U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., June 18-20, 1980. In Saul I. Gass, ed., Oil and Gas Supply Modeling, pp. 16-141. National Bureau of Standards special publication 631. Washington: National Bureau of Standards, 1982.
Charles A.S. Hall and Cutler J. Cleveland. "Petroleum Drilling and Production in the United States: Yield Per Effort and Net Energy Analysis." Science 211 (February 6, 1981), pp. 576-579.
M. King Hubbert. "Two Intellectual Systems: Matter-Energy and the Monetary Culture." Presented at the MIT Energy Laboratory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, September 30, 1981.Read
David D'Argenio. "King Hubbert and the Evolution of the United States Oil Industry." New Haven: Yale University Department of Geology and Geophysics, 1982. Available at Yale University, Geology Library, Rare Book Room, QE1 Y34 1982:11 Oversize.
C.B. Raleigh and M. King Hubbert. "The Vetlesen Prize, to M. King Hubbert." EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 63 (April 27, 1982), pp. 249-251.
Gary Bowden. "Estimating U.S. Crude Oil Resources: Organizational Interests, Political Economy, and Historical Change." Pacific Sociological Review 25 (October 1982), pp. 419-448.Read
M. King Hubbert. "Response to remarks by David Nissen of Exxon" (1982)Read
Robert Dean Clark. "King Hubbert." The Leading Edge 2 (February 1983), pp. 16-24.
Joseph P. Riva. "Domestic Crude Oil Production Projected to the Year 2000 on the Basis of Resource Quality." Report No. 84-129. Washington: Congressional Research Service, 1984.
F.J. Pettijohn. "Chicago: The Athens of the Midwest (1929-1952)." Chapter 7, in Memoirs of an Unrepentant Field Geologist: A Candid Profile of Some Geologists and Their Science, 1921-1981, pp. 142-203. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.
Richard A. Kerr. "Another Oil Warning." Science 223 (January 27, 1984), p. 382.
Cutler J. Cleveland, et al. "Energy and the U.S. Economy: A Biophysical Perspective." Science 225 (August 31, 1984), pp. 890-897.
Joseph P. Riva, Jr. "U.S. Conventional Oil and Gas Production Prospects to the Year 2000. Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.
John D. Sterman and George P. Richardson. "An Experiment to Evaluate Methods for Estimating Fossil Fuel Resources." Journal of Forecasting 4 (April-June 1985), pp. 197-226.
Gary Bowden. "The Social Construction of Validity in Estimates of US Crude Oil Reserves." Social Studies of Science 15 (May 1985), pp. 207-240.Read
Charles A.S. Hall, et al. "Petroleum." Chapter 7, in Energy and Resource Quality: The Ecology of the Economic Process, pp. 161-188. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1986.
John Gever, et al. "Beyond Oil: The Threat to Food and Fuel in the Coming Decades." Cambridge, Massachusetts: Ballinger, 1986.
Steven B. Andrews. Interview with M. King Hubbert, March 8, 1988.Read
John D. Sterman, et al. "Modeling the Estimation of Petroleum Resources in the United States." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 33 (May 1988), pp. 219-249.
Ronald E. Doel. "Marion King Hubbert: Transcript of a Recorded Interview, Bethesda, Maryland, January 4-February 6, 1989. College Park, Maryland: American Institute of Physics, Center for History of Physics, 1989. Copy available for review in Box 83A, M. King Hubbert Collection, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.
Alfonso A. Narvaez. "M. King Hubbert, 86, Geologist Who Influenced Oil Production." Obituary, New York Times, October 17, 1989.
Anon. "Tribute to M. King Hubbert." National Academy of Sciences, Letter to Members 19 (April 1990).Read
Ronald E. Doel. "Marion King Hubbert." Biographical sketch, Handbook of Texas Online, 1990?Read
Pal I. Davidsen, et al. "A Petroleum Life Cycle Model for the United States with Endogenous Technology, Exploration, Recovery, and Demand." System Dynamics Review 6 (Spring 1990), pp. 66-93.
Colin J. Campbell. The Golden Century of Oil 1950-2050: The Depletion of a Resource. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer, 1991.
Cutler J. Cleveland and Robert K. Kaufmann. "Forecasting Oil Recovery and Its Rate of Production: Incorporating Economic Forces into the Models of M. King Hubbert." Energy Journal 12 (April 1991), pp. 17-46.
Cutler J. Cleveland. "Physical and Economic Aspects of Resource Quality: The Cost of Oil Supply in the Lower 48 United States, 1936-1988." Resource and Energy Economics 13 (June 1991), pp. 163-188.
Cutler J. Cleveland. "Yield Per Effort for Additions to Crude Oil Reserves in the Lower 48 United States, 1946-1989. AAPG Bulletin 76 (June 1992), pp. 948-958.
Diana Davids Olien and Roger M. Olien. "Running Out of Oil: Discourse and Public Policy, 1909-1929." Business and Economic History 22 (Winter 1993), pp. 36-66.Read
Cutler J. Cleveland. "An Exploration of Alternative Measures of Natural Resource Scarcity: The Case of Petroleum Resources in the U.S." Ecological Economics 7 (April 1993), pp. 123-157.
A.L. Smith and B.J. Lidsky. "King Hubbert's Analysis Revisited: Update of the Lower 48 Oil and Gas Resource Base." The Leading Edge 12 (November 1993), pp. 1082-1086.
David B. Doan. "Memorial to M. King Hubbert, 1903-1989." The Geological Society of America, Memorials 24 (1994), pp. 39-46.
Jean H. Laherrère. "Study Charts US Reserves Yet to Be Discovered." American Oil & Gas Reporter 37 (September 1994), pp. 99-104.
Robert L. Hickerson. "Hubbert's Prescription for Survival, A Steady State Economy," (March 1, 1995 )Read
Michael J. Radzicki. "System Dynamics and Energy Modeling." From Chapter 1, in Introduction to System Dynamics: A Systems Approach to Understanding Complex Policy Issues, Version 1.0. Washington: U.S. Department of Energy, 1997 online.Read
L.F. Ivanhoe. "Updated Hubbert Curves Analyze World Oil Supply." World Oil 217 (November 1996), pp. 91-94. Republished as "King Hubbert--Updated." Hubbert Center Newsletter #97/1 (January 1997), pp. 1-6.Read
Jean H. Laherrère. "Multi-Hubbert Modeling." July 1997.Read
Cutler J. Cleveland and Robert K. Kaufmann. "Natural Gas in the U.S.: How Far Can Technology Stretch the Resource Base?" Energy Journal 18 (April 1997), pp. 89-108.
Joseph P. Riva, Jr. "U.S. Conventional Wisdom and Natural Gas." Hubbert Center Newsletter #97/3 (July 1997), pp. 1-5.Read
L.F. Ivanhoe. "Petroleum Position of the United States." Hubbert Center Newsletter #98/1 (January 1998), pp. 1-4.
Colin J. Campbell and Jean H. Laherrère. "The End of Cheap Oil." Scientific American 278 (March 1998), pp. 78-83.Read
Jean H. Laherrère. "Parabolic Fractal Creaming Curve Improves Estimate of US Gulf Reserves." Offshore 59 (May 1999), pp. 113-115.
Albert A. Bartlett. "An Analysis of U.S. and World Oil Production Patterns Using Hubbert-Style Curves." Mathematical Geology 32 (January 2000), pp. 1-17.
Jean H. Laherrère. "Learn Strengths, Weaknesses to Understand Hubbert Curve." Oil & Gas Journal 98 (April 17, 2000), pp. 63-76.
Kenneth S. Deffeyes. Hubbert's Peak: The Impending World Oil Shortage. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Robert K. Kaufmann and Cutler J. Cleveland. "Oil Production in the Lower 48 States: Economic, Geological, and Institutional Developments." Energy Journal 22 (January 2001), pp. 27-49.
Richard C. Duncan. "Energy Resources--Cornucopia or Empty Barrel?: Discussion." AAPG Bulletin 85 (June 2001), pp. 1090-1092.
Jean H. Laherrere. "Comments on the Book, Hubbert's Peak: The Impending World Oil Shortage." January 6, 2002Read
Roger W. Bentley. "Global Oil & Gas Depletion: An Overview." Energy Policy 30 (March 2002), pp. 189-205.
Douglas B. Reynolds. "Using Non-Time-Series to Determine Supply Elasticity: How Far Do Prices Change the Hubbert Curve?" OPEC Review 26 (June 2002), pp. 147-167.
John Attarian. "The Coming End of Cheap Oil: To Hubbert's Peak and Beyond." The Social Contract 12 (Summer 2002), pp. 276-286.Read
Michael R. Smith. "US Oil Supply Vulnerability Growing." Offshore 62 (August 2002), pp. 90-94.
Colin J. Campbell. "Country Assessment - The United States of America." ASPO Newsletter #23 (November 2002), pp. 4-7.Read
Jeremy Gilbert. "New Technology and Opening Up ANWR - The Keys to Resolving the US Oil Supply-Demand Imbalance?" Presentation to the Association for the Study of Peak Oil International Workshop on Oil Depletion, Uppsala, Sweden, May 23-24, 2002. Published in Energy Exploration & Exploitation 21 (February 2003), pp. 71-78.
Matthew R. Simmons. "How Do You Introduce the Oil Peak and Decline Phenomenon?" Global Public Media website, audiovideo interview excerpt, Houston, Texas, February 10, 2003.Listen
Ugo Bardi. "The Mineral Economy: A Model for the Shape of Oil Production Curves." Energy Policy 33 (January 2005), pp. 53-61.Read

With gratitude to Chris Kuykendall, Austin, Texas